Pakistan’s contraceptive performance increases by 0.7%
ISLAMABAD: The contraceptive performance of Pakistan during financial year 2011-12 in terms of Couple Year of Protection (CYP) has increased by 0.7 percent in comparison with the corresponding period of the financial year 2010-11, according to the latest contraceptive performance report issued by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS).
The term Couple Years of Protection (CYP) is one of several commonly used indicators to assess internationally the family planning efforts. It is the protection provided by contraceptive methods during one-year period, based upon the volume of all contraceptives sold or distributed to clients during that period. It is also an indirect estimator of birth control.
According to report, the Province-wise profile of CYP indicates an increase in Punjab (11.4 percent) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (12.1 percent), while decrease in Sindh (8.8 percent) and Balochistan (6.4 percent) whereas an increase of 19.5 percent witnessed in the district Islamabad. The Contraceptive Performance of Population Welfare Departments and NGOs have also shown an increase of 6.9 percent and 3.8 percent respectively, as compared with the previous year. Method-wise comparison of CYP, shows increase in Oral Pills (7.2 percent) and IUDs (8.8 percent) while decrease in Condoms (7.7 percent), Injectable (9.7 percent) and Contraceptive Surgery (11.7 percent) is observed, the report maintained.
According to data, Outlet-wise CYP depicts an increase of 8.1 percent in Family Welfare Centers (FWCs), 29.0 percent in Reproductive Health Services-A Centers (RHS-A), 6.8 percent in Mobile Service Units (MSUs), 15.8 percent in Hakeems and Homeopaths (H&H), 8.7 percent in Male Mobilizers (MM), 7.4 percent in Registered Medical Practioners (RMPs), 37.4 percent in FATA, 8.6 percent in Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP). The performance has decreased by 46.3 percent in RHS-B, 9.8 percent in Provincial Line Departments (PLDs), 2.9 percent in AJK, 12.0 percent in Gilgit-Baltistan, 0.8 percent in Regional Training Institutes (RTIs), 22.3 percent in Marie Stopes Society of Pakistan and 13.5 percent in Social Marketing of Contraceptives (SMC).
The overall Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) on the basis of modern methods during 2011-12 is 23.20 percent. The provinces make the rising sequence of CPR as Balochistan (6.33 percent), Sindh (13.09 percent), Punjab (15.60 percent) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (17.45 percent). The highest CPR is observed in the Federal district Islamabad (36.09 percent).
The CPR is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women age 15-49 years only. The Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) of Pakistan is calculated on the basis of consumption of contraceptive by converting number of units sold into users.
In absolute terms, the contraceptive performance of program and non-program service outlets have reported a sale of 149.278 million units of Condoms, 6.223 million cycles of Oral Pills, 1.315 million insertions of Internal Uterine Devices (IUDs) and 2.705 million vials of Injectables. Also 119,582 Contraceptive Surgery (CS) cases have been performed during the financial year 2011-12.
At national level, method-wise comparison during 2011-12 over 2010-11, in terms of CYP, has shown an increase in Oral Pills (7.2 percent) and IUDs (8.8 percent) whereas a decrease of 7.7 percent in Condoms, 9.7 percent in Injectables and 11.7 percent in Contraceptive Surgery (CS) cases has been observed.
The Contraceptive Performance Report was prepared on the basis of data received from Provincial Population Welfare Departments (PPWDs), Population Welfare Departments AJK, GB and FATA, the District Population Welfare Office, ICT, Islamabad, Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP) , Marie Stopes Society of Pakistan (NGO), Social Marketing of Contraceptive (SMC), Regional Training Institutes (RTIs) and Public-private Partnership(PPP)/Target Groups Institutes(TGIs).